Allen’s Trading Company is a suppler of genuine Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee (which is some of the best in the world) as well as Jamaican high mountain coffee which is also a delicious blend. The coffee is sourced by our sister company, Woodbean Trading Company, that is based in Jamaica so you can be assured that our coffee is the freshest you will find and is a favorite of the Starbucks franchise in Jamaica.
What is Blue Mountain Coffee?
The Blue Mountains rise up above Kingston and dominate the eastern part of Jamaica. It is in these mountains, within an area legally proscribed by the Jamaican government, that the world’s best, and best known, single origin coffee grows.
In the world of coffee few coffee drinkers have tasted any estate or single origin coffee. The vast majority of coffee consumed is blended from commodity grade coffee. A lucky few have tried Jamaican Blue Mountain or Hawaiian Kona coffee and know that the coffee’s origin makes a difference.
So what makes Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee so great? There are many factors, but it is important to be sure you are getting an authentic, unblended, Blue Mountain coffee.The Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica ensures what is called Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee actually comes from the legally designated growing area. The Board’s professionals also inspect each barrel for quality, checking the bean size and color. Experienced professional tasters roast small samples and “cup” the coffee to ensure it was properly processed and has the aroma and taste that define Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee.
But it is the unique location and micro climate that makes the coffee great. The area where Blue Mountain coffee is grown is high in the mountains. The mountains are 85% forest, which provides shade in which to grow the coffee. The altitude, forest cover and climate provide the conditions for growing the best coffee in the world.
All Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is grown from the Arabica species of coffee. Almost all is from the Arabica Typica subspecies of coffee. Many of these trees are descendants from the original trees Governor Lawes imported from Martinique, where coffee was first introduced into the Caribbean. There are some new varietals that planters are starting to experiment with, but Arabica Typica is far and away the most planted coffee tree.
Elevation is critical. To be certified Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee it must be cultivated at an elevation between 1,800 and 5,500 feet (the higher elevations are all national forests now). It is well established that altitude makes a significant difference in the quality of coffee, with higher altitudes producing a denser bean, which translates into a richer cup of coffee.
The climate in the Jamaica Blue Mountains is cooler than the rest of Jamaica. The Jamaica Blue Mountains are located on the Eastern end of Jamaica, exposing them to the moisture laden North East Trade Winds. These hit the coast and rise up into the mountains, generating significant cloud cover and mist as they hit the cooler air of the higher elevations. The reduced sunlight due to the cloud cover slows down the development of the coffee cherry. The long maturation has a very positive effect on the aroma and taste of the coffee produced from these trees.